Blood type is a kind of self-identity that we have had since we were in the womb. Your blood type is inherited from parents and is determined by two factors, namely the ABO grouping system and the Rh factor, so knowing blood type is important.
We have discussed the ABO system, where there are four blood groups, namely A, B, AB and O. This classification is determined by the presence or antigen and antibodies in your blood. Antigen is a protein that attaches to the surface of red blood cells, while antibodies are produced in plasma or liquid part of the blood. This type of antigen is what marks your blood type. For example, if a person has A antigen in blood cells, his blood type is A. If someone has antigens A and B, he is type AB. And if you don’t have any antigen, then the person’s blood type is O.
For each antigen in the blood cell, the opposite antibody is produced in plasma. For example, blood B has antibody type A.
In addition to the ABO system, your blood type is also determined by the presence or absence of another antigen known as the Rh factor. For example, if you are Rh-negative and blood type A, then you are A-negative. Similarly if you have blood type B and are also Rh-positive, you are B-positive.
Knowing your blood type can help determine your body’s vulnerability to certain diseases or possible inherited disorders. Blood types can also tell what treatment has a better effect on the body. Beyond that, there are other benefits if we can find out the type of blood type :
The importance of knowing blood type is to prevent your risk of receiving blood types that are not suitable at the time of need, for example in the process of blood transfusion or during surgery. If two different blood types are mixed, it can cause clotting of blood cells which can be potentially fatal. Fortunately, before doing a blood transfusion, your blood type is tested and crossed to match the donor’s blood so that it minimizes the risk of a transfusion reaction.
Prevent Rhesus incompatibility
Knowing Rh blood type is also important for pregnant women. If an Rh-negative woman is pregnant with a Rh-positive baby, it can cause a condition known as rhesus mismatch.
If the Rh-positive baby’s blood mixes with the mother, it can trigger the production of antibodies to the baby’s blood which is known as special sensitization. In general, the production of these antibodies will not affect the baby during pregnancy where sensitization occurs, but subsequent pregnancies with
Rh-positive babies can cause fatal results for the baby. To avoid this risk, a woman’s blood type must always be examined early in pregnancy. If a pregnant woman is Rh-negative, the doctor will give her an injection called immunoglobulin which prevents the production of antibodies and sensitisasi.
Simplify Blood Donors.
One of the most valuable reasons for knowing blood type is to help others. The Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) often requires potential blood donors and will seek assistance to the general public when there is a need to help others, for example when an accident occurs, in cancer treatment or surgery.
Therefore when you know your blood type is needed, it is your chance to roll up your sleeves and donate blood to help others.
Helping the Diet Process
Knowing blood type will make it easier for us to be able to go on a blood type diet introduced by Dr. D’Adamo. His dietary method is concentrated on knowing the right type of food to improve self-health.