Babies born with skin that are more sensitive than adults. That is why newborns need more painstaking skin care so that they are not easily irritated and inflamed. So, what is the way of sensitive baby skin care?
Why is baby's skin sensitive?
For 9 months in the womb, the baby is protected by a layer of fatty substances called vernix which is attached to the entire skin. This layer acts like a blanket to maintain the baby's body temperature while keeping its skin moist and not wrinkled even though it is submerged in amniotic water.
Now when a baby is born into the world, extreme environmental changes from moist (the environment in the uterus) to very dry ( outside air) can make baby's skin dry out quickly.
"Compared to adult skin, baby's skin is much thinner and tends to be more sensitive to changes that occur around it," Dr. Srie Prihianti Sp.KK, a pediatric skin specialist (child dermatology) who was met by the Hello Sehat team in the Mega Kuningan area, Monday (5/11).
The newborn skin tissue structure is still loose so that any foreign particles which is in the surrounding air can enter easily and irritate the skin. In addition, the baby's skin protection system has not been formed perfectly to fight the foreign substances that enter it.
Baby's dry and sensitive skin makes it very susceptible to skin disorders such as rashes eczema itching and irritation. Using the wrong baby skin care products can also aggravate skin problems if you are not careful. This is a high risk of causing itching, redness, blotchy skin, and even dry scaly to peel off.
Tips for sensitive baby skin care
Before knowing newborn skin care tips, you should know what the goal of caring for sensitive baby skin, said Dr. Srie Prihianti Sp.KK.
Skin care for newborns should:
- Maintain moisture in baby's skin.
- Keep skin healthy.
- Prevent irritation or allergy.
After knowing the purpose of treating baby's skin, you can do the following:
1. Carefully select a safe product
Choose a newborn skin care product that contains organic ingredients. Also, choose products labeled hypoallergenic to prevent the risk of allergies. Also try choosing soap and shampoo products that have a balanced pH with tear pH levels or " low occular irritation index " (labeled "pH-balanced").
Don't choose bath products that are colored, scented, and produce a lot of foam because this usually contains chemicals that can irritate the skin
Don't also choose soap which afterwards makes the skin tight, said Dr. Srie. Soap that makes the skin tight is the sign of drying the skin. Choose baby soap that actually feels slippery even after drying, because this is a sign that the soap contains a lot of moisturizer.
2. Wise bathing a baby
When a new baby is born, it's good not to bathe immediately. Generally, many mothers are uncomfortable seeing the fat membrane attached to the baby's body shortly after birth. Though the fat membrane that has the name vernix caseosa serves to moisturize and protect the skin from infection and the risk of allergies.
Many neonatal health experts advise parents to delay the baby's first bathing time until the vital signs and temperature of the baby have stabilized, about 2-4 hours after birth.
Also pay attention to the method. Bathing the baby must be with lukewarm water (36-47º Celsius) by soaking his entire body in the tub. Do not bathe the baby for too long, at least 10-15 minutes. The duration of bathing can reduce the baby's body temperature and trigger hypothermia.
3. Don't forget to apply moisturizer
Not only the skin of adults who need moisturizing with moisturizer newborns also need to. Especially because the baby's skin tends to be dry and very sensitive.
A good moisturizer can help maintain water content in the skin immediately after taking a shower. Moisturizers also function to improve the baby's skin texture to make it softer and more flexible.
Apply moisturizer 2-3 minutes after bathing when the skin is still slightly damp, washed with water. This trick will more effectively moisturize the skin than applying moisturizer when the baby's skin is completely dry.
If your baby's skin is not sensitive or normal, choose lotion type moisturizer. If dry skin is sensitive, choose the type of cream.