Important Facts You Need to Know About Phlegmon, Inflammation Under the Skin

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When talking about inflammation, what first came to your mind? Sore throat? Or inflammation of the intestine? In fact, inflammation can occur anywhere in the body and at any time. Inflammation itself is a form of defense of the body against a particular damage or infection. Well, the effect of inflammation in one part of the body can spread to other parts of the body under the skin. Inflammation under the skin is called phlegmon.

Phlegmon, inflammation under the skin due to bacterial infection

Phlegmon is a medical term that refers to inflammation that spreads to fine tissues, such as the skin, fat tissue, muscle tissue and tendons or other internal organs. The word phlegmon comes from the Greek phlegmone which means to swell.

Phlegmon occurs when bacterial infection is not properly treated so that it has spread from damaged and infected tissue. The inflammation that causes phlegmon is usually not a serious condition, but spreads very quickly to any part of the body. In some cases phlegmon can be fatal.

Phlegmon is different from abscess

Phlegmon and abscess are both complications of localized inflammation in one area. Both also cause pus formation.

Even so, there are still differences between phlegmon and abscess. Pus lumps due to abscesses can be easily absorbed or aspirated through simple medical procedures, but not with pus formed by phlegmon.

Pus in phlegmon is not easy to absorb and is very risky of causing infections that spread to surrounding tissues.

What causes phlegmon?

Most cases of phlegmon are caused by a bacterial infection Streptococcus group A and Staphylococcus aureus. The types of bacteria that cause phlegmon usually enter the body through various routes such as through touch between infected humans, animal scratches, insect bites, or open wounds that can form inflammation under the skin.

Bacteria that cause phlegmon can also originate in the oral cavity and it is very risky to trigger phlegmon in someone who has undergone surgery in the mouth area. The same bacteria can enter the body more deeply, to the abdominal cavity and appendix to form phlegmon.

What are the signs and symptoms of phlegmon

Symptoms of phlegmon can vary depending on the location of the inflamed tissue.

Phlegmon can trigger Common systemic symptoms of bacterial infections such as:

  • Swollen glandular swelling.
  • Fever.
  • Headache.
  • Tiredness
  • The body feels pain.

can be:

  • On skin – redness, skin appears swollen, feels heat and pain.
  • In the gastrointestinal tract – fever accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and pain
  • In the intestinal appendix (appendix) – indigestion, diarrhea, vomiting, pain around the abdomen.
  • In the eye – visual impairment, similar symptoms flu, fallow eyes ir accompanied by pain.
  • In the oral cavity – pain around the gums to propagate around the ear, swelling around the mouth, and difficulty breathing.
  • On the tonsils – sore throat, throat felt dry, and having difficulty speaking
  • In the pancreas – increase in amylase enzymes and white blood cell levels, as well as fever accompanied by abdominal pain and nausea. So, someone with a weak immune system will be very at risk of this condition.

    How can phlegmon be recognized?

    Phlegmon can be recognized by common inflammatory signs, such as redness and swelling. However, these signs can usually only be seen if they occur around the skin.

    If there is inflammation under the skin, your doctor may ask you about conditions that cause phlegmon symptoms such as a history of illness and treatment.

    If there is pain and signs of inflammation in certain body areas, further tests such as blood tests, urine tests, ultrasound, X-rays, to MRI and CT scans may also be needed. These checks are needed to detect and distinguish abscesses or cellulitis with phlegmon.

    What is the treatment like? 19659004] Most phlegmon that occur in skin tissue can be treated with antibiotics as long as the area that has phlegmon does not spread. But surgery is also possible to clean damaged tissue and prevent infection from spreading.

    Phlegmon can be a serious health problem if its spread occurs very quickly, as occurs in the oral cavity. In the case of oral phlegmon, antibiotics are given with a higher type or dose. Surgery must also be done as soon as possible.

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