What is Diuretic Drug? What’s the point?

What is Diuretic Drug? What’s the point?
What is Diuretic Drug? What’s the point?
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Have you ever been prescribed diuretics? Maybe this type of drug sounds strange to some people, including you. Curious, what is this diuretic drug for and what side effects can it cause? See the explanation below.

What is the function of a diuretic drug?

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A diuretic drug known as a water pill is a drug designed to reduce the buildup of body fluids through urine.

Basically there are 3 diuretic type in the recipe. Diuretic drugs are often prescribed to lower blood pressure. This medication will reduce the amount of fluid in your blood vessels and this helps lower your blood pressure.

In addition, it can also be used in other conditions, namely treating swelling in the ankles, lower legs, accumulation of fluid in the stomach due to liver damage, or certain cancers, and eye conditions such as glaucoma.

Diuretic drugs can also be used to treat congestive heart problems. For example, this heart condition makes the body unable to pump blood effectively throughout the body. As a result, this causes a buildup of fluid in your body called edema.

A diuretic drug that will reduce the buildup of this liquid immediately.

Type of diuretic drug

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There are 3 types of diuretic drugs namely thiazides, loops and potassium-sparing diuretics. All types of these drugs generally work on the same principle of making your body release more liquid as urine.

Thiazide diuretics

This type of drug is the drug most often prescribed by doctors. This type of drug is most often used to treat high blood pressure. These types of drugs not only reduce fluid in the body but also cause blood vessels to relax. Examples of thiazide type drugs are:

Loop diuretics

This type of drug is often prescribed to treat cases of heart failure. Examples of these drugs are:

Potassium-sparing diuretics

This type of diuretic drug can reduce the amount of fluid that accumulates in the body without removing potassium, and other important nutrients. This is the difference between this type of diuretic and the others.

In other types of diuretic drugs, in addition to the level of your liquid that will be reduced as well as the levels of potassium. This type of diuretic drug is prescribed for people who are at risk of having low potassium levels, such as those who take other drugs with side effects draining potassium levels in their body.

This type of drug does not actually help lower blood pressure, so it is usually experienced blood pressure too, the doctor will give another blood pressure medication, not relying on this type of drug. Examples of these diuretics are:

Do diuretic drugs have harmful side effects?

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Each drug will indeed have side effects. But of course the severity of side effects will vary.

Mild side effects

  • Too little potassium in the blood
  • Too much potassium in the blood (side effects of potassium-sparing diuretic)
  • Low sodium levels
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
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  • Blood sugar increases
  • Muscle cramps
  • Increased cholesterol
  • Skin rashes
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  • Diarrhea

Severe side effects

  • Reactions allergies
  • Kidney failure
  • Irregular heartbeat

Can anyone take diuretic drugs?

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Not everyone can be given diuretic drugs. For people who have difficulty urinating this drug is not recommended. Because, diuretic drugs will make you excrete more urine, whereas if there is a problem in the small drainage channel it will add new problems.

In addition, there are several conditions that also do not recommend using diuretic drugs, namely:

  • Having severe liver or kidney disease
  • Severe dehydration
  • Having an irregular heartbeat
  • Being in the third trimester or having high blood pressure during pregnancy
  • Age above 65 years or older
  • Having gout
  • Having an irregular heartbeat
  • Having allergies to sulfa drugs, such as Septra and Bactrim
  • Have already taken hearing-damaging drugs such as cancer drugs, salicylate drugs, or aminoglycosides.

If you are included in any of the conditions above, immediately inform your doctor before taking diuretic medication.

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Many drugs can interact with diuretic drugs. So, be sure to check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure you don’t consume more than one diuretic at a time. Except, indeed in certain cases carried out under the supervision of a doctor.

In addition, you should not take loop diuretics if you are using Tikosyn (Defetilide).

Be sure to monitor your potassium levels carefully if you using thiazide and loop diuretics or other drugs, digoxin. There should also be adjustments regarding the doses of insulin and diabetes medications, to the use of your diuretic drug.

Also tell your doctor if you are taking mood-stabilizing drugs that is lithium. Tell your doctor too if you take any medication that causes you to feel dehydrated to adjust. dosage.